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Since many people want alternate medicine options, there is an increase in demand of AYUSH courses in India. What makes these courses popular is the fact that these medicines do not have any side effects. Although AYUSH courses have always been a treatment option but their broad
reach and acceptability is gaining more popularity in the youth today.

One of the many reasons that have led to the rising preference of people towards the ancient curing methods of India is that it treats the root cause of the diseases in the patients. On the other hand, other medical treatments use a generic medicine that aims at treating the symptoms which is not as effective as the healing power of treating the root cause of the problem.

The Ministry of AYUSH has been established with the aim to promote this form of medicine. One has to clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) to take admission to the AYUSH courses.

AYUSH courses that can be selected by the candidates based on their interest:

1. Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
This is a five and a half year long undergraduate programme that is a combination of traditional
ayurvedic healing techniques with modern medicine. The student gets an Ayurvedacharya degree on successfully completing this course.
What they learn about in the BAMS course:
 The students are taught the detailed ayurvedic medicine with the modern perspectives of
the generic medicines, paediatrics, gynaecology, obstetrics, ENT, ophthalmology, etc.
 A bio-cleansing procedure, which is called Panchkarma, is also included in this course.
The students also get introduced to the classical texts of ancient Ayurveda, which are the
warehouse of all the significant information.
 Modern structure and functioning are also taught with the ayurvedic approach in it.
 As per Ayurvedic toxicology, pharmacology, and pharmaceutics, the students study about
the herbal and herbo-mineral medicines along with the important modern pharmacology,
diagnostics, and clinical processes of healing.

2. Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery (BHMS)
This undergraduate programme involves the study about homoeopathic treatment procedures.
The process involves knowledge dissipation of using the medicines with extremely diluted substances that allow self-healing in the patient’s body. The duration of this course is four and a half years. After completing the course, the student will be designated as a doctor. The degree gives you option of becoming a doctor, public health specialist, private practice medical assistant, lecturer, therapist, pharmacist, spa director, scientist, or consultant.

Candidates pursuing the BHMS course can opt from different available specializations like
Psychiatry, Infertility, Skin Specialist, Paediatrics, and Homoeopathic Pharmacy as their next step in their career
The topics that the students pursuing BHMS learn are:

  • Information about alternative medicines
  • Basics of Ayurvedic plant healing
  • Herbology
  • Use of nutritional healing therapies
  • Various methods of mind and body healing
  • Important principles of homoeopathy
  • Knowledge about being healthy with ensured longevity and complete wellness
  • History of holistic health
  • Study about immune system and immunology, and their disorders
  • They also get acquainted with the traditional Chinese medicine

3. Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Sciences (BNYS)
BNYS course has a duration of a complete five and a half years that includes one last year for a compulsory internship. The students are taught about both the aspects of traditional naturopathic medicine and modern medicine. Naturopathy is all about concentrating on the body's innate capability of self-healing.

BNYS students get to learn the following things in the Ayush Medical College in UP:

  • The natural method of a child’s delivery
  • Homeopathic medicine
  • Significance of acupuncture
  • Healing through balanced nutrition
  • Herbal medicines

4. Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery (BSMS)
This course with duration of five and a half years is all about the ancient treatment systems prevailing since long. The basic idea of the Siddha healing technique is that seven elements are in charge of the psychological and physiological functions of the human body. The imbalance among these elements gives birth to a disease.

A BSMS student has abundant options for pursuing advance studies. They are:

  • Nanju Nool (Toxicology)
  • Gunapadam ( Pharmacology)
  • Sirappu Maruthuvam (Special Medicine)
  • Pillaippini Maruthvam (Paediatrics)
  • Siddha Maruthuvam -Pothu (General Medicine)
  • Noi Nadal (Pathology)

5. Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
This four years and six months programme is associated with the Unani healing system. The Unani system is based on the four prime components fire, water, air, and earth. This method has been highly effective for different diseases.

Some of the important topics included in this course are:

  • Pharmacotherapy
  • Dietotherapy
  • Regimental therapy
  • Surgery
  • Cauterization
  • Turkish bath
  • Venesection

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